What’s Egalitarian?

by Raven MoonRaven

This blog focuses on egalitarian, income-sharing communities, also known as communes.  Several weeks back I put out a piece called “Why Income Sharing?”  This might be considered a companion piece, exploring the egalitarian nature of the communes.

The Oxford Dictionary defines Egalitarian as meaning: “Believing in or based on the principle that all people are equal and deserve equal rights and opportunities.”

For the way the communes structure themselves, the opposite of egalitarian is hierarchical.  Most businesses and religions are organized in a hierarchical way–where the leaders have leaders and the bosses have bosses.  Cooperative businesses are one big exception to this.  I also think it’s interesting to note that there are a few very egalitarian religions–that is, religions without hierarchical leadership:  some forms of Quakers, the Chavurah movement, and the Reclaiming pagans.  (I’m personally curious to hear of other egalitarian religious groups.)

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Many intentional communities define themselves as egalitarian: almost all co-op households and many ecovillages and cohousing communities.  The reason that the communes that we talk about on this blog use the term egalitarian is that there are many hierarchical income sharing communities, where there are leaders or gurus who decide how to manage the money.  (Unfortunately, these are also known as communes.)  The Federation of Egalitarian Communities  in the US was specifically set up to support secular, egalitarian income-sharing communities, as opposed to hierarchical, religious communes.

How egalitarian are the communes in the FEC?

Twin Oaks is the community that some people wonder about.  They have planners and managers and make decisions by a type of voting (many of the newer communities have none of these things and make decisions by consensus).  There are folks who wonder if the planners run the community–aren’t they in charge and don’t they have the power?

But planners can only be in the position for eighteen months (hardly gurus running the place) and what’s more, their power is limited by the Twin Oaks membership.  And since they, themselves, are members of the community and live with, work with, and eat with everyone else (as do the managers) they find themselves very beholden to the community.  They constantly read what people write on the O & I board and pay attention carefully to what members think.  An unpopular decision can have pretty bad consequences.  I heard one story about a planner who after making a membership decision that many people disliked, was run out of the dining room by a member who was upset by the decision and wanted to make it very clear.  This makes it difficult to find people who want to be planners.  And apparently, recently Twin Oaks ended up (at least temporarily) without any planners.

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Similarly with managers.  Folks at Twin Oaks point out that most people work in a lot of different areas and people who are managers in one area are just workers in another.  It can happen that in the morning person A will be the manager in an area that person B is working in and in the afternoon person B will be the manager in another area that person A happens to be working in.

And, again, Twin Oaks is the most structured of the communes, the only one with planners and one of the few with managers.  In most of the communes, it’s just a group of people living together, sharing income, and often working together. In the communes, leadership is just something people do, not a position.

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So my point is that the communes on this blog not only share money, but they share leadership.  That’s what’s egalitarian about them.

What’s Egalitarian?

The Community that Dines Together, Aligns Together

by Valerie Renwick, Originally published by the Fellowship for Intentional Community in Communities Magazine

Ah yes, the community meal table. Communal dining can be a glorious bonding experience, as members recreate the feeling of an earlier era when the tribe gathered at the end of the day to share the fruits of their bounty. On the other hand, it can also bring out certain aspects of the cook’s personality, as sure as Myers-Briggs. Here is a sampling of the “Cook du Jour”.

“Le Chef”  —  Before joining community, this member ran their own French restaurant. They know that presentation makes the meal, and people ooh and aah over their concoctions. Their cooking is generally well-appreciated, with the exception of people who like their green beans other than dripping with butter.

“The Ethnic Specialist”  —  Thai, Indian, Chinese, Ethiopian-it’s a geographical whirlwind as each week we’re whisked off to another exotic food locale. The underlying theme: more spice is twice as nice. Bland is banned, so it’s peanut-butter-and-jelly sandwich night for those with sensitive palates.

“Food as Art”  —  This member doesn’t see any reason why their creative, whimsical side needs to be left at the kitchen door. Tofu sculpted to resemble a recent guest or a Thanksgiving turkey, a rainbow salad including beets, carrots, peppers, kale, blueberries and grapes, or a cake in the shape of a body part-their creativity knows no bounds on the serving table. (Results may vary, depending on actual cooking skill)

Dinner on Zk deck.

“Agit-Prop Cuisine”  —  When politics and food collide (think Chairman Mao with a measuring cup). All-vegan-all-the-time, no refined anything, no profit-mongering corporate ingredients to be found in any dish. The heart and mind can enjoy this meal, but the stomach may stage it’s own protest….

“Locavoracious”   —  A lighter-hearted version of the above, this cook sources their food from within 100 miles, or better yet, 100 yards of the communal kitchen. No flora or fauna are exempt, and dinner may include what you previously thought were weeds growing beside the porch or the groundhog that was last seen invading the garden.

“The Mess Hall”  —  Prior military, cafeteria or summer camp experience informs this cook’s style. Mass-produced and designed to appeal to the masses, these meals are heavy on the mac-and-cheese, gravy-laden entrees, and all things carbohydrate.

Regardless of style, as we sit down to a meal together in accordance with our own community traditions–be that thanking the cook, saying a prayer, or simply digging in–we can appreciate that the simple act of sharing food is an important part of the “community glue” that holds us all together. Bon Appetit!

Valerie Renwick has eaten more than 13,000 communal meals over the course of her membership at Twin Oaks Community in Virginia.


The Community that Dines Together, Aligns Together

Work Party at Cambia

Cambia has been hard at work at building its new barn. The following photos are from a work party day in which the first layer of the cob floor was mixed and laid. The party drew lots a crowd of participants from the nearby communes, most of whom had never worked with cob before but had an inkling of how much fun it would be. They were not disappointed. Here are a few pictures from the event.  Hopefully there will be more soon.  (All pictures courtesy of Rejoice.)

For those who don’t know about cob, it’s an ancient building material made by mixing sand, clay, and chopped up straw. It’s cheap and requires not equipment or skill to make, and has the great advantage of holding heat or cool incredibly well. It’s also a very sculptural building material. Just try a Google search of ‘cob house’ and you’ll see what we mean!

Davi from The Mothership rakes gravel for the base layer
Trevor Acorn supervises the cob mixing
Telos Oaks and Gryphon Acorn get into the mix
Ella and Gil discuss world politics surrounded by workers
Getting cob right is all about the dance – Gil Cambia, Gryphon Acorn, and Taiga get into the groove, while Telos Oaks is poised for a flying leap
Mac Acorn and Telos Oaks lift the tarp to help with mixing, while Kai in the barn smooths the parts of the floor already laid
Work Party at Cambia

Why start community?

by Ella Cambia with an addition by Gil Cambia

Every community, like an evolving organism, is informed by its genetic past and adapted to its current environment. Such is Cambia, a newly formed income sharing community in Louisa, VA.

Why start community when there are so many already? When some of those communities aren’t even full and are looking for members? There is a niche to fill in the ecology of community, and without it, the ecosystem is not as resilient. What is this niche?

why1To some degree, we have not wanted to define Cambia.  We have wanted to let her slowly develop her own vision. We have also been focused on how we are being together, not just what we are doing together. We want the how to be as important as the what. But slowly, with the help of offsite members and supporters, Cambia’s vision is becoming more and more clear. It is our hope, however, that Cambia will continue to be flexible and evolving, using our collective values to guide us rather than some end goal.

So what part of Cambia’s vision is developing this clarity? For one, Cambia hopes to become a permaculture education center. It will be a hands-on, interactive, and inspiring day camp for children or novices to learn about permaculture in the most intuitive, practical and enjoyable way. And we don’t just mean gardening. We mean incorporating permaculture principles into the whole of the natural ecology, as well as the social and cultural ecology. We mean taking a design science and applying it, while also encouraging and inspiring others to do the same, in their own home, community, city, rural land. There are ways in which a widespread application of permaculture could mean supporting all the inhabitants of the earth in a healthful and sustainable way. There are ways that permaculture can help to remediate decimated ecosystems and slow global climate change. Although we are working on this locally and not globally, the long term and overarching goal is to affect some change in this direction.

why2The education center (which we are calling the Living Systems Exploratorium) is an answer to the question of how to have a business that has a strong symbiotic relationship with the community.  The more Cambia grows into her full self, the more her business would naturally thrive, and the more the business thrives the more it would support the community becoming her full self. The business is still in its infancy as well, but will hopefully grow as does Cambia. Currently, we are hosting workshops and work parties to allow people to come and experience natural and alternative building, and will continue to host workshops as we develop.

why3Applying permaculture principles to garden and landscape seems simple (read Gaia’s Garden to get an idea of how that works, if you are unfamiliar with the concepts). It isn’t simple, it is incredibly complex, but the basic ideas can begin to be worked with and applied easily. In comparison, social permaculture is incredibly elusive in application. But here we are, at Cambia, trying this as well.

One basic principle of permaculture is stacking functions. Community is already efficient in that just the act of sharing reduces negative environmental impact (use of fossil fuels, etc.). We are interested in more than that. Living communally answers a need many of us feel for meaningful relationships that are held together by the day-to- day experience, not separate from it. So if we are going to live together, we might as well stack functions and be good friends. (This may seem obvious if you haven’t lived in community before, but it isn’t always how it works.) So we are intentional about the time we spend together, whether in work, play, dance, meditation, or focused conversation. We value stretching our own interests to support each other’s passions, to be inspired by one another. And this is one niche that sets us apart from some other intentional communities: bringing intention into our relationships acts as a community glue that keeps the community from stagnation or collapse.

why4Another permaculture principle is “the problem is the solution.” This is applicable to our view on families and children. Some communities might view children as a burden. They can only accept a certain number of children because of the labor load the children require, and most people aren’t seeing the benefit. Well what is the benefit? We love kids. We are inspired by their curiosity. We are teaching them to be good people. In some ways, everything we are doing is for the next generation. Of course it is for ourselves as well, but we are working hard to provide a better world for our children. We want to incorporate them into our work. We want our work to be fundamentally understandable to children. Shelling beans, planting seeds, drying fruit, chopping firewood, building with clay and caring for livestock. Many of these jobs are too tedious or boring for grownups to do, but can be challenging for kids, and much more fun when doing them together.

why5The particular gift of children is that they “force” the adults to slow things down, to explain things, and even to celebrate more, get in the kiddy pool, jump on the trampoline, etc. Another benefit is that it gives a real job to the teenagers or to visitors of your community.  Whereas teens might feel disinterested in the workings of grownups or constantly want to escape into the virtual social world, they generally do not neglect their babysitting duties, and often have more energy and playfulness than grownups do. Visitors are often enchanted by the degree of independence, maturity, and knowledge of community kids, and gives the kids a chance to shine and impress the visitors, while the visitors get to offer real help by watching over the kids.

In wanting Cambia to be an ever evolving community that tends towards its goals of social harmony and positive ecological impact, we are brought to our third goal. We are forming a research institute for the study of intentional communities. We are gathering academic affiliations and intentions to create a working group and a conference place to focus scientific research that could help us understand the basic question of: “If communal living is so obviously the natural and good way to live then why is it so hard?” We are hoping the further research of this subject will help to inform Cambia as well as any other forming or established intentional community.

why6So what are those values that are informing our direction and vision? We do value work, insofar as it brings our ultimate goals of creating the homes we feel good about and the educational center that brings us ideological fulfillment. But more, we value the relationships between people, our children, art and creativity, spiritual practices, and supporting each other’s passions. Sometimes it is all too easy to focus on work and progress, but in doing so, we might forget our other values. Cambia is intentionally creating space and time for these values to be held and nurtured, for creativity, ritual and love to be cultivated. And yes, we have to finish the barn. But yes, we will also devote time to making puppets and telling stories.

Gil’s Interjection:why7

You may be skeptical and would like to say: “Sure you state these intentions but what’s to prevent Cambia from eroding its values and gradually turning into just a poorer version of the mainstream? After all, just because Congo is called a ‘democratic republic’ doesn’t mean it isn’t ruled by a dictator, gangs, and multinational corporations?”

My answer: With democracy as with science and as all of life, there are mechanisms in place to encourage evolution or at least prevent decay. Without those mechanisms, intentions might not be sufficient. So here at Cambia we put in place social and cultural mechanisms for our success.

Cambia seeks to provide ever evolving answers to the question of what the mechanisms are.

That’s right, no specific answers. Answers can turn into dogmas.

Ella’s conclusion:

So what is Cambia? Cambia community is fundamentally about growth and evolution. An ever evolving community with strong values and ideology, where we grow as individuals and as a collective, just like the cells that make up the cambium of a tree: inherently life-giving and flexible. The most life happens on the edge. Between xylem and phloem, between bark and wood, between work and play. Work brings the slow, steady rooting and strength, play brings the nutrients, energy, and light.

Why start community?

Sharing Stuff: a Little Big Deal

by Summer, from Running in ZK

I’ve been thinking about some of the invisible threads that make this place feel like community to me.

Last weekend I reupholstered a chair.

Our kitchen chair had gotten alarmingly soiled, and I thought, “this is something I could probably do.”

The knowledge came from the internet. The gist of it is this: get a staple gun and both kinds of screwdriver. Pay attention when you take everything apart. Go slowly. Use the old pieces of fabric as your pattern for anything new. Once I had this information, I felt equipped.

The fabric came from a give-away pile outside the room of a member who recently left.

The screwdrivers and the first staple gun came from our shared woodshop. The staple gun, if it stapled at all, did so once in between two or three trigger squeezes that pushed out three mangled staples at a time.

But I also knew that the good people of Nashoba SLG have a little stash of tools in their laundry room, and there indeed was another staple gun. A better size, actually, and with a bunch of extra staples.

The zipper for the cushion came from Commie Clothes. There were lots of zippers there, so I picked the best match in size, color, and apparent durability.

The sewing machine that I used (and currently own) came from another ex-member, who passed it to me while she was still living here, when she came to terms with the idea that she would never ever use it (I love it so much! It’s the same one I used to make the quilt last year).

In our big common space that gets used for yoga, movies, feedbacks, piano practice, and kids going nuts on rainy days, I took the gross chair apart. I cleaned the mold and grime off the wood with vinegar from the mop closet in the kitchen, and vacuumed up the grit that fell with the killer new vacuum House just recently magicked into our vacuum closet.

After fixing the chair’s arms and cushion cover, I realized that to sew the back portion, I’d need some monofilimant thread.

Picture doing this project in your own home. If you are not a) a professional upholsterer or b) a pack rat/hoarder, it is unlikely you have every single item I’ve listed above. You have to go to Home Depot, or Michael’s, or Wal-Mart, or whatever. You have to go get in your car, drive to the big box, pay someone some money, and then come home with something you might use again but maybe you never will.

Of course, it’s nice to have a staple gun on hand, and screwdrivers, and a sewing machine, and upholstery fabric, and white vinegar, and extra zippers, and a killer vacuum cleaner. So maybe you do have all that stuff, or see the having of it as an investment and don’t mind that much going to Home Depot to buy it and be its owner.

I got stuck when I got to the monofilimant. This is a very thin, clear nylon thread, like delicate fishing wire, that is used in quilting appliques. I don’t have any, and there was none in Commie.

So I asked Valerie, who has done some quilting. She had some, but it was the wrong thickness. I decided to ask Pam, who is an accomplished quilter. I went to her room, did not find her, and left a note. On the way back to my house I ran into Madge, another member who often sews and has done plenty of fabric art. Madge confirmed she had some and gave me permission to rummage around in her stuff to find it. She even took the note away from Pam’s door for me.

And thus I finished the chair back. Then I put everything back together. I used the battery-powered drill that lives in our laundry room. When I needed some stiff wire to thread through the back of the chair, I found some at Nashoba again. I restapled everything and screwed it all back up. And voila.


Obviously there was not quite enough of the nice fabric, but it was enough to make the chair not gross anymore.

Many sites out there give quotes on how much it costs to reupholster a chair.


For me, it was free. I didn’t have to go anywhere or buy a single thing. We had 100% of the materials, tools, and supplies here on the farm. I didn’t even have to use the tripper system.

I like having some things around in my own possession, stuff I don’t often use, but I have quickly on hand if the need arises: binder clips, watercolors, a glue gun, a microwavable bowl with a lid that fits, a leatherperson multitool, a quilters’ ruler, hobby knives, some schmancy paper. When people borrow this stuff from me, I feel great! I like getting to pay the universe back for borrowing so much stuff from others.

So, the invisible thread is…Yep.

Actual invisible thread.

Sharing Stuff: a Little Big Deal

Community Honeymoon

by Paxus Calta

In many ways starting a community is like going into a new romantic relationship.  There are as many styles and techniques as there are individuals, but there are practices and agreements which can help increase your chances of success.  In a romantic relationship, if you do it right you create a honeymoon.  If you do it starting a community, you create this experience we don’t have a single word for, but feels something like, “Wow. Together we really are greater than we are individually.  I was right to put all this work in.”

And like a deep rich romantic honeymoon, there is a tremendous premium to being clear and self reflective going in.  Communities are basically personalities plus agreements. On the personality side, we have a little bit of flexibility with many people (if they are happy they are more generous, if their needs are getting met they are more likely to go the extra mile).  On the agreements side we have huge scope, we can design whatever types of agreements will serve us and then edit them as needed.  When you are designing your communities communication culture there are several things to include:


Commit to deep listening:  I am guessing 75% of relationship problems could be solved if people really focused and listened to each other.  This means not getting stuck by our past scars and holding on to a compassionate mindset.  There is an art to deep listening and it is not enough to just sit quietly, committing to learning this skill and applying it regularly may be the longest lever you have for building community.


Commit to self reflection and critique:  If there is a problem in the romance or the community, you have a part in it.  It might be an apathetic part, where you are not willing to help someone who you see struggling. In an intentional relationship we are all committed to fostering the well-being of ourselves and the others we are dancing with.  Part of this has to be admitting our faults and a willingness to work on them.


Commit to not stewing: If you are upset with me, come tell me.  Don’t talk to someone else who might be struggling with me and tell them the thing that i did which frustrated you.  This is an anti-gossip norm thru fast remedial action.

The trick is how do we keep these types of agreements?  Getting together, face to face, creating a safe and comfortable environment and talking or doing other types of trust building exercises together.  My personal favorite flavor of this is transparency tools,  but other techniques include clearnesses, Nonviolent Communication, and Co-Counseling.

Different tool sets fit different cultures.  In the Point A work we advocate for the transparency tools, because most of them are “soft tools”, meaning that an amateur using them is unlikely to hurt themselves or others in the group.  This contrasts some more daring and powerful communication tools (ZEGG Forum jumps to mind) which can do amazing work, but if operated by people who are not yet experienced or are clumsy can result in people getting emotionally or psychologically banged up.  When considering a set of communication tools it is often wise to look for versatile tools like the Clearness technique used at Acorn, which serves both as a regular universal check in and connection building device and something to be used when there is an acute problem with a member.

You can’t make a honeymoon last forever, but good communication practices will provide resilience and functionality to your community and your relationships.

Community Honeymoon

End of Summer Garden Update

Post written by and photos taken by Sumner, from the East Wind Community blog

As summer comes to a close things in the garden are looking good. We have had one of the most bountiful harvests in memory. Fall carrots, kale, spinach, lettuce, daikons, turnips, and rutabaga have been or are about to be planted. The high night time temperatures have made seeding difficult, but we have taken advantage of each window of lower than 70 degree nights to get everything in on time.



Ryn, our food processing manager, has devised a new storage solution for this year’s bumper crops. A small room has been insulated and a window A/C unit has been configured with an external monitor to maintain the desired temperature. We estimate that we harvested over a ton of potatoes this year. Fresh potatoes are irresistibly delicious!



Our walk-in refrigerator has been well stocked with watermelons (so many that we have sold quite a few this year), cantaloupe, tomatoes, tomatillos, sweet peppers, hot peppers, eggplant, cucumbers, beets, zucchini, summer squash, and beans of multiple varieties for most of the summer. Major tasks that remain going into fall are the sweet potato harvest and garlic planting. We hope everyone is having as good a year as we are in the garden!


End of Summer Garden Update

Why Income Sharing?

by Raven MoonRaven

Income sharing is one of the key things that differentiates communes from other intentional communities.  (In this blog we also advocate egalitarianism, supporting communities that don’t have permanent leaders making most of the decisions.)

Income sharing is what it sounds like.  All income is shared with every member of the community.  This is different from asset sharing where all the financial resources that you own are shared.  In many egalitarian, income sharing communities in the US, your assets are off limits–meaning that neither you or the community can use them while you are a member, but if and when you leave, you have access to them again.  (Of course, you could loan them or give them to the commune, but that’s purely voluntary.)


In my initial post on this blog I gave several reasons why I thought income sharing was so important:  “In a society that demonstrates its valuing of one person over another by massive pay differences, income sharing says that your work and my work and everyone in the community’s work is equally valued.  As we share more, we need less, and we often have more time to do important things, like building personal connections with each other and exploring our spirituality and connecting with nature–things that don’t have a price tag and don’t add to the gross national product, but make our lives richer and better.”  I would also add that sharing income also moves us out of the money economy and away from personal financial worries.  Yes, the commune may be going through a hard time, but that’s shared by everyone so we all get to think together about what we will do about it rather than each of us agonizing alone about whether we will make it.  We will all make it together or we won’t make it at all.

The communes are often so outside the money world that there’s a joke at Twin Oaks that you can leave a twenty dollar bill lying around and no one will bother it.  (But don’t leave a candy bar around!  For many people there that has more worth.)


There is a myth about income sharing that there’s a correct way to do it.  For example, Acorn, East Wind, and Sandhill all have major community businesses that support them (in these cases they are seeds, nut butters, and sorghum, respectively) and Twin Oaks has several (including tofu and hammocks among them).  But having community businesses is only one way to do income sharing.

There are many different models of income sharing.  I was part of creating a community in Cambridge, Massachusetts, where three of us went out and worked at different jobs and came home and pooled our earnings.  Compersia, a new income sharing community in Washington, DC, does something similar.  One difference I saw right away is that anyone can spend up to a $100 without consulting with the community at Compersia, where in our community we were required to consult about purchases above $20.  (Then again, our community flourished twenty years ago.  Maybe some of the difference can be chalked up to inflation.)   GPaul, who visited several European income sharing communities, came back to report several significant differences in the way they did income sharing.


There’s also a myth that it’s scary.  In many ways it isn’t that much different from couples who share their income.  For the community in Cambridge, when we were approaching income sharing, we had a discussion ahead of time about our fears about income sharing.  One person was afraid that she would have to account for every pair of socks she bought.  (Our $20 rule was partially made to deal with that.) My fear was that we would never actually get to income sharing.  But we did and it went well and when the community broke up, that wasn’t one of the problems involved.

When the community broke up, we also worked to make sure that everyone would be okay financially.  And this highlights a final reason for income sharing–in many ways, it is one more way of taking care of each other.

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Why Income Sharing?